High Intensity Magnetic Separation at XVIII ECerS

By Paul Fears | 20 June 2023

The XVIIIth Conference of the European Ceramic Society takes place in Lyon, on 2-6 July 2023.  On stand 19, Bunting is highlighting the necessity of using high-intensity magnetic separators to remove iron, iron-bearing and paramagnetic minerals to reduce defect rates and improve surface brightness.

Model HIF225-50 Electro Magnetic Filter
Model HIF225 50 Electro Magnetic Filter

Paramagnetic Minerals and Fine Iron Contamination

Materials used in the manufacture of ceramics, such as feldspar, silica sand, and clays, commonly include paramagnetic minerals and fine iron.  If left in the raw material during the ceramic manufacturing process, the magnetic contamination causes defects and flaws in the body and on the surface of the finished ceramic product.  Also, very fine iron contamination can affect the surface brightness, especially of white glazed products.

Traditionally, ceramic manufacturers have used both electromagnetic and permanent rare earth magnets to capture the magnetic contamination.  This technology successfully removes a proportion of the contamination.

Specking caused by iron contamination

High Intensity Magnetic Separation

To maximise the removal of paramagnetic minerals and fine iron, an increasing number of ceramic producers are investing in high-intensity Electro Magnetic Filters.  Electro Magnetic Filters produce a high-intensity magnetic field (up to 40,000 Gauss).  Leading European ceramics producers use the technology to remove problematic magnetic particles from slips and glazes.

Electro Magnetic Filters consist of an electromagnetic coil positioned around a central hollow core containing a magnetic (400 series) stainless-steel matrix of various designs.  The highly-efficient computer designed coil generates a high intensity magnetic field that becomes intensified on the points of the matrix creating the magnetic force needed to separate paramagnetic particles from the slurry.

The magnetic coil is either enclosed in a circular or rectangular steel casing designed to intensify the magnetic field into the hollow centre of the coil.  Valves trees (for the product feed and exit as well as cleaning water and air) are mounted on the top and bottom to suit the application and installation.

Removal of the captured magnetics inside an Electro Magnetic Filter is either undertaken manually or automatically.  For automatic operations, the process is managed through a separate control.

Presently, many European ceramics producers are testing an industrial-scale Electro Magnetic Filter on site.  The Electro Magnetic Filter test unit is installed into production lines to assess the performance over an extended period of time.  This accurately demonstrates the abilities of the Electro Magnetic Filter and the reductions in magnetic particle related defects.

Companies can book to loan the Electro Magnetic Filter by contacting Michael Allen.

“We have a long-standing history of supplying magnetic separators to ceramic producers and mineral processors,” explained Bradley Greenwood, Bunting’s European Sales Manager.  “It is proven that the installation of high-intensity Electro Magnetic Filters in a ceramic manufacturing plant significantly reduces finished-product defects.  There are cost-savings with improved production efficiency and a reduction in rework.  We are looking forward to meeting and talking to ceramicists at the conference.”

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Optimum Magnetic Separation Reduces Rejects

Understanding the ceramic manufacturing process is important when making recommendations for the optimum magnetic separation equipment.  However, each manufacturing process is unique and a visit by a local Bunting Sales Engineer will help understand a specific process and iron contamination issue and propose a specific solution.

For additional information on eradicating iron contamination in ceramic tableware, tiles, sanitaryware, or technical ceramics, please contact us on:

Email: Gordon Kerr at GKerr@buntingmagnetics.com

Via the website

Telephone:  +44 (0) 1527 65858

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